ELIZABETH BATHORY

Painting of Elizabeth Bathory.
[1]Picture taken from the article https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erzs%C3%A9bet_B%C3%A1thory

Elizabeth Báthory was born in Nyírbátor, Hungary, on August 7, 1560, in one of the most important aristocratic families in Transylvania. Her family controlled Transylvania, and his uncle, Stephen Báthory, was king of Poland. Elizabeth received an extensive education, although she was also in contact from an early age with alchemy and esotericism, practices widely practiced by some members of her dynasty, for which she would later be tried.

In 1575, at the age of 15, she married Ferencz Nádasdy, a member of another powerful Hungarian family. After the death of her husband in 1604, rumors of Báthory’s cruelty began, more than 600 cases of murder were reported at the hands of the countess, with some maids and her aunt as accomplices. On December 30, 1609, Báthory and her maids were arrested. Although the truth was never known for lack of evidence, the woman was imprisoned in rooms of her castle until she died.

ORIGIN OF THE LEGEND

How did the black legend about Cleopatra begin? Who were the contemporaries in charge of disseminating it? Why are they interested in sharing these reasonings?

THE LEGEND THROUGH THE CENTURIES

Who were in charge of continuing the transmission of the black legend? By what means did they do it? How successful has the legend been to the present day?

References